|Traditional Chinese medicine http://china-tcm.ru/content/traditional-chinese-medicine-tcm|
The doctrines of Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM; simplified Chinese: 中医; traditional Chinese: 中醫; pinyin: zhōng yī;
literally "Chinese medicine") is a broad range of medicine practices
sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based
on a tradition of more than 5,000 years, including various forms of
herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (Tui na), exercise (qigong), and
The doctrines of Chinese medicine are rooted in books such as the Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon and the Treatise on Cold Damage,
as well as in cosmological notions like yin-yang and the five phases.
Starting in the 1950s, these precepts were modernized in the People's
Republic of China so as to integrate many anatomical and pathological
notions with modern scientific medicine. Nonetheless, some of its
methods, including the model of the body, or concept of disease, are not
supported by modern evidence-based medicine.
TCM's view of the body places little emphasis on
anatomical structures, but is mainly concerned with the identification
of functional entities (which regulate digestion, breathing, aging
etc.). While health is perceived as harmonious interaction of these
entities and the outside world, disease is interpreted as a disharmony
in interaction. TCM diagnosis includes in tracing symptoms to patterns
of an underlying disharmony, by measuring the pulse, inspecting the
tongue, skin, eyes and by looking at the eating and sleeping habits of
the patient as well as many other things.